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Church of England Combined School

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We are starting a new unit called 'living in the wider world'. This week's focus is on rules, rights and responsibilities in the 18th century.


Task 1 - answer these questions in your book 

  • What do we mean by the word ‘rights’? 
  • Does everyone have rights? Are rights equal for everyone?
  • In this country how are children’s rights protected?
  • Do you think children always had these rights and were their rights always protected?


Task 2 

William Hogarth was an artist who lived and worked in the 18th Century. He was a supporter of Thomas Coram Many of his paintings and works of art depict some of the hardships of life in that century. Look at resource 1. Can you spot any of these: 

1. A coffin shaped sign with the letters TG on it?

2. A man being placed into a coffin?

3. A jar with the words ‘GIN ROYAL’ written on it?

4. A man and a dog both chewing on a bone?

5. People taking possessions to a pawnbroker?

6. A man in a wheelbarrow being given a drink?

7. A child being dropped from the top of some steps?

8. A body hung inside a building?

9. A baby being given a drink?

10. A very thin man with his ribs showing?

11. Barrels of drink in a store named Kilman Distiller?

12. A fight breaking out between people holding sticks and a table?

13. A snail on a wall?

What else can you see in the picture?

Look really carefully and take your time to look for as many things as you can. 


Task 3

Look through resource 2, this will give you the answers to resource 1. 


Task 4

Answer these questions: 

  1. What impression is Hogarth trying to give of these people in London?
  2. Why is nobody making an effort to catch the child who is falling?
  3. How would you describe the physical state of the people in the picture?
  4. Why do you think that people have got themselves into this state? (Poverty? Lost their jobs? Low income? Nowhere to live?)
  5. If you were a member of the government at the time, what would you do to try and help these people?
  6. Whose responsibility is it to look after the child who is falling?
  7. What rights do you think children should have? 
  8. Do you think children have always had the same rights throughout history?


Task 5

Unlike the 18th Century, today’s children have a whole range of rights. Having ‘rights’ means things that every child should have, or be able to do, in order to be healthy, safe and happy.

In 1989 The United Nations (UN) agreed a set of rights for children. This is called the ‘UN Convention on the Rights of the Child’. It sets out over 50 ‘articles’ which lay out children’s rights. The UN is comprised of 193 of the World’s 195 countries so these rights are there for children wherever they live.

Read through resource 3.

1. Do you think that children have always had these rights?

2. Do you think the children had these rights in the 18th century? 

3. Why do you think it is important for children to have rights? 

4. Would you have liked to be a child in the 18th century?